My worm compost bin dwells in our attached garage. This makes it handy to the kitchen and scraps that need to go to the bin for composting. My worms were fat and happy and multiplied quickly. Then something strange happened. My wiggly worms disappeared and in their place, some unwanted guests appeared.
These things not only filled up the chamber, they had voracious appetites and ate all the garbage. They were really ugly fat fly larvae, also known as maggots. (I shiver as I type.) You might also notice the photo is a bit blurry. Tremors were hard to stop long enough to hold the camera still. My thanks go to Clemson Extension Agent Vicky Bertagnolli, Consumer Horticulture Agent and Master Gardener Coordinator, for identifying this pest. It is/was a Soldier Fly (Hermetia illucens).
For years, I rehabilitated wildlife. Raptors (hawks and owls), in particular, take not just a strong commitment, but a strong resolve to prepare the food and hand feed the youngsters. The non-releasable captives were hand-fed, too, to keep them happy with humans. I had overcome my squeamish feelings to feed these beautiful birds. So, I strengthened my resolve regarding the larvae/maggots and managed to pick them out, using gloved hands, and feed them to my backyard birds. The Carolina Wrens, in particular, seemed to relish these treats and watched for their arrival.
Eventually, I managed to feed all of them left in the bin. Some morphed into the Soldier Fly as adults. I have since found out that if I had checked the lower chambers in my worm composter, I might have found and saved my red wigglers by feeding them deep down instead of on the surface where the soldier flies hang out. It seems the soldier flies don’t kill the worms, they just crowd them out. The worms go deeper and end up starving.
So, if your worm bin fills up with fat larvae, look in your lower bins. Your worms might still be salvageable.
There is an excellent article at the University of Oregon Extension website detailing the Soldier Fly and its life cycle. They are not considered house pests. My worms would have a different opinion.
The Himalayan Indigo (Indigofera heterantha) is a shrub/tree that has not found favor in our American gardens, although it seems to be quite popular, and readily available, in England. There it has enjoyed recognition from the Royal Horticulture Society, winning its esteemed Award of Garden Merit.
I am unsure as to where or when I acquired this plant for my garden. Here, I grow it in almost full shade. It gets a little morning and late evening filtered sunshine. If I grew it in full sun, it would be a tight shrub of about 3 feet tall and wide. In my shady disposition, it is an open somewhat weeping small tree of about 6 feet. In the spring, it has loads of upright racemes of pale pink pea-like flowers. (They would be much darker in full sun, I am sure.)
It is known to rebloom throughout the summer into fall but in my harsh spot, it only throws up a very few flower stems the rest of the season, not worth mentioning, really. If I had a sunny spot, I might try it there, where it might be more of a mound. In some areas it could freeze down to the ground, or you might want to renew it with a cutback to the ground in the spring.
This is one tough little tree. Not only does it grow in extreme dark shade for most of the day and year, this is very dry shade under a mature maple and next to the woodland path fronting tall mature azaleas and tree-form red tips (Photinia fraseri). There is a bit of irrigation that comes close to it, but it really doesn’t get any special water and gets some fertilizer when I fertilize the azaleas.
From what I can determine, this shrub will grow in sun, part shade, and full shade in USDA Zones 5-11. I can attest to its drought and heat tolerance once established. It can be anywhere from 3 to 7 feet tall, and as wide, depending on its growing conditions. It blooms on new growth, so a yearly trimming could help with flowering, although I have never set pruners to branch of my little tree, and it blossoms on.
It appears the English gardeners are ahead of us with this little treasure, which is related to our native Black Locust (Robinia pseudoacacia). It is suggested as an alternative to the butterfly bush (Buddleia) that has proved to be so invasive in Washington State. You will probably have to search out a supplier on line, but it might be time to use this somewhat ethereal sturdy little shrub in your garden. It will most likely be the only one in the neighborhood.
By Susan Martin for Proven Winners,
Photographs courtesy of Proven Winners
Is white a color? Yes! White light is made up of all the colors in the spectrum, even though you can't see them. Maybe that's why the color white goes with every other color—because it IS every other color. It has a certain freshness to it and gives our eye a place to rest. Because we are naturally drawn to white, we need to take care to use it strategically to prevent it from becoming overwhelming. Here are six examples of how to use white in the garden.
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