BEYOND HYDRANGEAS: CREATIVE COMPANIONS FOR THE SHADE GARDEN – PART 2
Don’t be lulled into thinking that because you have tall trees shading your yard you cannot have flowers. Foliage plays a large role in a shade garden, too. There are plenty of choices when it comes to perennials that will come back year after year. Here are just a few ideas from Jamie Blackburn, the Curator of Woodland Gardens with the Atlanta (GA) Botanical Garden Horticulture Department.
Jamie was a featured speaker at a recent Central Savannah River Area Hydrangea Society Conference. In last month’s GardenSmart Newsletter, Jamie shared a list of small trees, conifers, and vines suitable for shady gardens. This month, he has a few recommendations for perennials that will make it in the shade garden. – Anne K Moore
CREATIVE COMPANIONS FOR THE SHADE GARDEN PART 2: Perennials (known as Herbaceous Perennials)
Perennial Flowers for Shade Cyclamen hederifolium Hardy Cyclamen. Tolerates the coldest temperatures of all cyclamen. Hardy in ground to USDA Zone 7. Pink flowers in late winter, early spring. Goes dormant in summer. Pulmonaria longifolia Lungwort. Heat tolerant. USDA Zones 3-8. Purple-blue flowers. Also has attractive foliage after flowering. Begonia grandis Hardy Chinese Begonia. Can be grown in wet areas. Small pink flowers in spring. Also grown for the attractive foliage, green on top and red underneath. USDA Zones 6-9. Lilium martagon Martagon Lily, Turk’s Cap Lily. Shade tolerant. Flowers purple-red in summer. ‘Mrs. R.O. Backhouse’ is yellow. USDA Zones 3-7. Aquilegia chrysantha ‘Swallowtail’ Yellow Columbine. Yellow flowers in early spring with 3” long spurs. USDA Zones 4-8. Gloxinia nemetanthodes ‘Evita’ Hardy Gloxinia. Appears late in the spring and blooms late in the fall with vivid Orange-Red flowers with yellow throats. USDA Zones 7-9. Bletilla striata Chinese Ground Orchid. Purple flowers in spring. USDA Zones 5-9 or can be container grown and moved indoors during cold months. Geranium x ‘Rozanne’ Cranesbill. Violet blue flowers, late spring-summer. Moist soil. USDA Zones 5-8. Acanthus balcanicus Bear’s Breeches. White and purple flowers on 3-4 foot flower spikes in mid to late summer. Very showy foliage and flowers. USDA Zones 7-9. Tricyrtis formosana and ‘Amethystina’ Formosa Toadlily. Lilac flowers in late summer, early fall. USDA Zones 4-9. Mertensia virginica Virginia Bluebells. Flowers open pink in Spring, then turn lavender blue. Often go dormant in summer. USDA Zones 3-8. Farfugium japonicum ‘Giganteum’ (aka: Ligularia tussilaginea 'Gigantea') Giant Leopard Plant. Grow in moist areas for foliage and flowers. Large, shiny, 15 inch leaves. Stalks of yellow daisy-like flowers in fall. USDA Zones 8-10.
Perennials Grown for Foliage in the Shade Acorus gramineus ‘Ogon’ Dwarf Golden Sweet Flag. Attractive foliage, small flowers. Deep shade tolerant. Groundcover. USDA Zones 5-8. Asarum splendens Chinese Wild Ginger. Groundcover spreads by underground stolons. Green leaves with silver mottling. USDA Zones 6-9. Beschorneria septentrionalis False Red Agave. Moist shade-has a yucca look without spines. Tall flower spikes with green tipped red bells. USDA Zones 7-10. Arachniodes simplicior ‘Variegata’ East Indian Holly Fern. Slow growing and late to put out new growth in spring. Evergreen. USDA Zones 7-9. Dryopteris sieboldii Siebold’s Wood Fern. Thick wide leaves look tropical but unfernlike. USDA Zones 6-9. Dryopteris ludovichiana Southern Shield Fern. Semi-evergreen with shiny deep green fronds. South East U.S. native. USDA Zones 6-9. Thelypteris kunthii Abundant Lady Fern. Spreads by rhizomes, bright green fronds. U.S. South East native. USDA Zones 6-9. Helleborus foetidus Bearsfoot Hellebore. Evergreen deeply cut foliage. Light green flowers early spring. USDA Zones 5-9.
Spring ephemerals are some of the first plants to flower in the early spring long before most trees leaf out. They tend not to like the heat and will quickly disappear if temperatures get above 80 degrees. Spring ephemerals leaf out, bloom, go to seed, spread themselves about and then enter dormancy; they don't really die. All this happens in a two-month period, making them some of the most efficient of the flowering plants. That is what makes these plants so very special.
Click here to sign up for our monthly NEWSLETTER packed with great articles and helpful tips for your home, garden and pets!