A dear friend, since gone from her garden, used to buy long, lanky, unappealing plants on purpose. In the spring, she would look for stems on shrubs that had stretched and were just hardening but still a bit bendable. Perennials and annuals, too, were bought with an eye toward length rather than beauty. She would take them home, oftentimes late in the season at a reduced price, and make new plants out of the uglies.
If you want to be a frugal gardener just like my buddy, you too can make many from one if you choose the right plants during the correct season for “sticking cuttings.”
Here’s a list of shrubs (woody ornamentals) that you can propagate with softwood cuttings in the spring/early summertime from new firm wood that bends but doesn’t break:
These annuals and perennials (herbaceous plants) can be rooted from flexible stem cuttings:
Geranium (Pelargonium) (The cuttings of geraniums should air dry for 24 hours so that the cut end will harden. Otherwise, it might rot.)
Hibiscus (Rose of Sharon)
Take cuttings, with 3-4 leaf nodes, in early morning after a rain or watering. Later in the day, they won’t be as fresh or as likely to root. Keep the cuttings moist by wrapping the ends in paper towels and carry them in a plastic bag. Some cuttings are difficult to tell “UP” from “DOWN” so strip off the bottom leaves before you store them in the bag.
At the gathering stage, you can also cut back by half any top leaves. If the tip is floppy, pinch it out. There really is no need to keep leaves on the cuttings, but we all feel better for some reason if there are at least parts of leaves on the stem. Do not be surprised or worry if they fall off.
You can use a soil-less mix or straight perlite in pots as your rooting medium. Be sure to get it good and moist before you pot it up. The soil-less mix, especially, is difficult to get wet all the way through, so stir it up to make sure it is all wetted.
When you stick your cuttings, use a pencil or something similar to make the hole in the soil-less medium. Bury the stem down two nodes. You will have much more success if you keep the cuttings misted every day. They should be either indoors under plastic to keep them humidified or outdoors in the shade. There is no real perfect way to propagate in the backyard. It is trial and error, hit and miss. I remember an Aunt cutting off pieces of her rose bushes and shoving them in the ground next to their “mother” rosebush. She then put a mason jar over the top, watered with a sprinkling can, and in about a month, had a new rose bush to pot up and give away.
You can build a hedge from one plant or fill out a flower border with color from one perennial plant. Gardening on a shoestring is fun and not just for thrifty gardeners. We all love to watch new life develop. There are many more shrubs, trees, and flowers that can be propagated in the spring. Don’t be afraid to give a clipping, which you now will think of as a cutting, a try.
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Spring ephemerals are some of the first plants to flower in the early spring long before most trees leaf out. They tend not to like the heat and will quickly disappear if temperatures get above 80 degrees. Spring ephemerals leaf out, bloom, go to seed, spread themselves about and then enter dormancy; they don't really die. All this happens in a two-month period, making them some of the most efficient of the flowering plants. That is what makes these plants so very special.
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