in the south we'll sod an area we don't how to handle. Consider
ground covers, like Ajuga Reptans known as Bugle Weed. It
has beautiful, thick leaves, is reasonably coarse and adds
pizzazz to the landscape. It flowers in late spring, a little
blue spike, and covers the ground well. It has a bronze
leaf, some varieties like Catlin's Giant, are variegated
and have a large leaf. It keeps weeds out, is invasive so
establish a border between it and other areas. It's low
maintenance, tolerates full sun and likes a moist soil.
If in a dry area it can stay fairly dry. Ajuca Reptans is
a great ground cover for the south.
Ivy is a member of the Sumac family. All members of the
family are in some way poisonous. The oil on the leaf is
Poison Ivy poisonous. The leaves are trifoliate, there are
on the stem. The Petiole or leaf stem is reddish. If you
do brush against Poison Ivy, immediately wash with soap
and water. If you blister, stay out of the sunlight, sunlight
exasperates the problem.
Virginia Creeper looks like Poison Ivy but has five leaves.
"If it has leaves of three let it be. If leaves of
five, let it thrive." Virginia Creeper is a great plant
to grow on a trellis or even brick or stucco. It adheres
with tiny feet, known as Holdfasts, like a suction cup.
They don't penetrate brick, etc., they're fast growing,
40-60 feet tall. They have a coarse texture, turn red in
the fall and
after the leaves fall off the vine itself is attractive.
Richard and Robert Stoney talk about great trees of the
Beech, Fagus Grandifolia, needs a lot of space because it
can grow to 90 feet tall. It produces dense shade, making
it difficult for anything to
grow underneath, with the possible exception of spring bulbs
Hyacinths or Cyclamens. It has gray bark, large coarse textured
and will do well in the shade. Young trees hold on to their
winter, in fact until new leaves come out. The tree we're
planted by Barnsley in the 1840's. This is a great tree
in the landscape
but also good for wildlife. It has nuts that are edible,
ok for man,
ideal for squirrels and Chipmunks. If you have plenty of
room consider a
the American Beech, a very majestic tree.
The long-needled Pine, Pinus Palustris, is native to the
tree species is in decline. As a young plant it stays small
for 3 to 5
years, even suitable for a container. It then for some reason
the next stage, then jumps to a large tree. It then will
China Fir or Cunninghamia Lonceocata is a native of southeast
Barnsley planted this tree in 1859, at that time it was
4-6 years old,
so it's approaching 150 years of age. The climate in southeast
similar to that in the southeast US, so it does well in
this climate. It
grows rapidly at first, then grows in girth rather than
height. If you
cut the base, it would sprout from the base and grow more
if started from seed since it has a large developed root
This tree since it is so old and valuable has a lightning
rod that goes
all the way to the top. It is made of braided wire and must
exceed the tree height. It then comes down the length of
the tree and is earthed in the ground.
Another unusual tree at Barnsley Gardens is the large Boxwood,
Sempevirens, Florica Arborescence. It is over 6 feet tall,
pointed leaves. This tree is approximately 160 years old
and is 28-29
inches around. They are slow growing and prized for their
wood, hence their name.
Dr. Rick talks with Spence Oliver, director of turf management
Barnsley Gardens. He has used Turfway 419, overseeded with
Perennial Rye grass. It is cut below one half inch. He and
staff use a riding reel
mower, the blades circle versus rotate, which gives a more
more of a pinching, scissors effect. they cut the grass
4 or 5 times per
week. This is not ideal for the homeowner, Bermuda would
be a better
choice for areas with drought conditions, better than Zoysia
or Bahia or
Buffalo Grass. To get a great looking lawn it is important
to have a
sharp blade on your mower. Don't scalp the grass, this is
where you are
cutting into the stem of the plant, below where the leaf
growing. If you do this you will start to get browning or
the turf. Follow the one third rule. Don't remove more than
of the grass and leaf blade. Keep your fertilizer levels
maintain nutrient levels.
This lawn has stripes, like you might see at a ballpark,
etc. This is
accomplished with the reel mower, it has both front and
The light reflects off the leaf blade. When it is bent one
reflects off one side of the leaf, cut the other way it
reflects of the
other side of the leaf. They mow different directions on
Specimen plants serve as focal points in our landscape.
We view several
at Barnsley Gardens. Cardoon creates a very bold dramatic
architectural design is wonderful and graceful. The graceful
the stems, the big, bold arching shape create an effect
when underneath looking up, like that of a cathedral. Originally
it was grown as a vegetable, it is grown as an ornamental
now, is an annual and produces thistle-like flowers, like
an artichoke. It is in fact a member of the Thistle family,
very gnarly and has a leathery feel. It likes full sun
and deep well-worked loomy soil. Robert shows us some plants
stunning in containers. Salvia Argentia or Silver Salvia
soft, downy leaves. More dramatic than Lambs Ear and it
contrasts nicely with Petunias, in this case Lavendar Petunias.
Coleus, this form is Kiwi, contrasts nicely with Caladium,
a lovely black or dark purple, the hot colors of the Kiwi
contrast nicely with the dark colors in the
Caladium. These colors compliment the colors in the Impatiens.
The way to create the bold effect is to vary leaf size,
a large leaf with the
Caladium, the Salvia Argentia and Silver Salvia, next to
fine textured Coleus. It is a variation of size and texture.
Canna would rate a 10 in terms of visual energy. It has
3 characteristics that make it bold. It's upright and upright
forms are fascinating to our eyes. It has extremely coarse
texture, the leaves are large and far apart. And third,
it's got a stripe of orange color, which is very hot or
fascinating to our eyes. It is difficult to put this plant
with others, so it is typically grown by itself or with
some accent plants, like a Coleus or fern, something that
serves as a foil against all the really bright color. It
loves full sun, doesn't like shade and needs plenty of moisture.
It's a heavy feeder and a great choice if you're looking
for something that really catches the eye.
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