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7 Shrubs to Prune in Spring

7 Shrubs to Prune in Spring

By Kristina Howley, Proven Winners ColorChoice
Photographs courtesy of Proven Winners ColorChoice

Spring is busy, but thankfully not everything in the garden needs to be attended to. There are plenty of shrubs you can leave alone and only a few that truly, noticeably benefit from being trimmed. In this article, we’ll talk about plants that you should get around to pruning in the springtime. You’ll be rewarded with a beautiful view for months afterward.

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Bluebeard Caryopteris

You can treat this plant like you would treat a perennial. Just chop it all the way back to the ground and it’ll flush with nice healthy growth and a good habit.

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Butterfly Bush Buddleia

Prune this plant back to about 1/3 to 1/2 of its total size, depending on the size of your plant. Small plants can be pruned harder, big plants should be pruned less. You want it to have a sturdy base to grow from, so it doesn’t flop over. If you have a Pugster® butterfly bush, watch this how-to video on how to prune it.

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Proven Winners Clematis Clematis

All of our clematis bloom on new wood. If you’d like to control the height, you can cut each plant to the listed height.

Diamond Ball’ – 3 ft.

Happy Jack® Purple – 2 ft.

Jolly Good™ – 2 ft.

Pink Mink® – 2 ft.

Still Waters™ – 2 ft.

Sweet Summer Love’ – 2 ft.

Viva Polonia’ – 3 ft.

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Panicle Hydrangea Hydrangea paniculata

Prune 1/3 off of this plant, leaving a sturdy base of 2/3 of its total size. Remove thin, spindly stems, especially on the inside of the plant. This will encourage good airflow. Watch this quick how-to video to learn just what to do.

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Smooth Hydrangea Hydrangea arborescens

Prune 1/3 off this plant, leaving a sturdy base of 2/3 its total size. Check out this video to get the method exactly right.

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Potentilla or Cinquefoil Dasiphora

Benefits from both a spring pruning and periodic rejuvenation pruning. In the spring, give it a rounded habit with shears. Every three to five years prune out 1/3 of the thickest branches to encourage juvenile growth. Watch this video for tips on how to prune.

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Proven Winners Roses Rosa

All of our roses bloom on new wood. They should be methodically pruned in a way that takes out dead or damaged wood, encourages an open habit, and produces outward-facing growth. Watch this video to see exactly how to prune your mature rose.

Other Shrubs

More shrubs can be pruned in the springtime if you see that it’s necessary, but they don’t necessarily need it if they already have a handsome habit. Here’s a list of shrubs you can lightly prune or trim in the spring without damaging them.

Abelia – early spring

Azalea – after flowering

Bottlebrush – after flowering

Buttonbush – after flowering

Camellia

Crapemyrtle

Diervilla

Dogwood – periodic rejuvenation pruning

False Cypress

Rose of Sharon – early spring

Sweetshrub

Not sure if you need to prune or just deadhead? Watch this video to find out.


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