The best time to have trees inspected and pruned is usually in the winter, generally in January and February because of the following:
No leaves on the trees. That makes it easier to see the tree’s structure.
Trees are dormant. In this sleeplike state, trees suffer less shock from pruning.
Frozen soil. Pruning can be done without compacting the soil around the tree’s roots. There also will be less damage to nearby landscaping from trampling and heavy equipment.
Trees that are regularly inspected and pruned by trained professionals will be not only safer, but healthier. A tree professional will inspect the tree’s trunk, branches and joints for splits and cracks, as well as signs of rot and disease.
Problem branches should be pruned out before they become unstable. In nature, damaged or decaying branches will drop harmlessly to the floor of the forest. Near homes and streets, however, they need to be removed before they fall so they don’t cause property damage or injury.
You can remove branches on small trees that are within easy reach of the ground. But any pruning job that would require climbing a ladder is best left to a professional who has special safety training and the equipment to handle the tools, the height, and the weight of falling branches.
Pruning without the proper knowledge and training can not only lead to accidents, but do long-term damage to a tree, causing it to decline or die.
Certified arborists are trained not only in safety but in tree care. They know that different kinds of trees need different kinds of pruning. Professionals know how to prune a branch so the tree can seal the wound, and how to balance the pruning so the tree’s weight remains well distributed.